February - December 2022
Research & Analysis
Project Design, Monitoring & Evaluation
With ambitious renewable energy plans for Bangladesh, access to land suitable for RE development is crucial and is among the main reasons why solar energy penetration at scale has lagged.
Bangladesh has set ambitious plans and targets for renewable energy (RE), seeking to generate more than 2000 MW a year. Currently the country’s RE capacity is just 750 MW, and it largely stems from small solar home systems. Utility scale solar requires large amounts of land and acquiring or leasing large areas of land is challenging particularly given the dense population, food security concerns and respecting the policy not to use agricultural land for other purposes. A strategy is in place to direct solar park investments to vacant, marginalised, and fallow government and private owned lands leveraging in particular Build Operate Own (BOO) PPPs with Independent Power Producers (IPP).
Access to land is difficult to navigate due to disconnected legal and revenue land records, informal land market and outdated revenue records and settlement maps. Poor records and informality therefore hamper not only energy projects but all planning, investment, development, and land revenue flow in Bangladesh.
The objective of this project is to analyze and strengthen the government’s capacity to identify suitable sites for RE investments, especially solar, and secure access to these land sites by analyzing the relevant land administration framework in Bangladesh, and develop and test a methodology to identity, allocate and access land suitable for RE investments.
LEI will be responsible for the following three components: