Reducing Deforestation Through Improved Spatial Planning in Papua Provinces

Project details




Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO)

Project Timeframe

September 2019 - January 2023

Key Services

Survey, Mapping & Spatial Planning

Project & Facility Management

Deforestation and land use change account for as much as 80% of Indonesia’s total emissions. Indonesia has significant potential to curb carbon emissions through improved spatial planning as a facilitating mechanism to shift the development paradigm towards lower carbon pathways.

Project Narrative

The UK Climate Change Unit in Indonesia (UKCCU) was established with support by the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from Indonesia. The UKCCU provides policy, finance and development expertise to help Indonesia meet its climate change ambitions. Under the leadership of the UKCCU, this project will see the establishment of a Technical Assistance Facility through which support for improved spatial planning and low carbon development will be provided, with a focus on Papua and West Papua provinces.

Referred to as the Papua Spatial Planning (PSP) project, outcomes include:

  • Revised and agreed spatial plans for Papua and West Papua provinces with clear distinction of conservation and development areas implemented in an accountable and transparent manner;
  • Better recognition of Indigenous people (adat) claims and communal community management of forest in Papua and West Papua spatial plans, translated and formalized into Papua development plans
  • Secured national supports to protect Papua forest and support Papua provinces in their low carbon development pathway.

The expected impact is sustaining Papua and West Papua forests through improving Papua’s land use system.

Across the 40 month project, support to revisions and implementation of Papuan and West Papuan provincial spatial plans will help to deliver low carbon development in these provinces. The project operates across national through to sub-national levels, fostering transparency and constituency in the spatial planning processes at sub national (especially provincial) levels, and promoting national policy buy-in through dialogue and strategic engagement to support Papua’s low carbon development path and protect its environment.

Key project services

Key activities of the Technical Assistance Facility include:

  1. Establishing a programme management unit in Jakarta
  2. Rapid assessments
  3. Co-locating programme teams in Jayapura and Manokwari provincial government offices
  4. Preliminary spatial planning and socialization workshops to proactively mitigate issues and prioritise actions.
  5. Targeted Spatial Planning Workshops and capacity building assistance
  6. Establishing a Flexible Fund to support government, academic and civil society stakeholders in undertaking selected activities aligned with programme objectives

Rapid assessments provide the opportunity to quickly gather on the ground information to present back to government and other stakeholders to build a mutual understanding of issues, challenges and potential resources related to land use and spatial planning, natural resource management, permitting and licensing processes at provincial and district levels, feeding up to national government. Feedback gathered from kick-off meetings throughout the rapid assessment phase provide another layer of inputs to programme activity design during inception, ensuring that the needs of government are met and aligned with programme objectives.

Spatial Planning Workshops for government officials, following the rapid assessments, form one of the most critical instruments for success to enhance spatial planning and licensing for this project, designed to improve and strengthen the technical capacity of government officials at provincial and district levels, as well as building engagement with universities and NGOs. These Workshops are complemented by socialisations for representatives of government, NGOs and civil society organizations (CSOs). Socializations are designed to promote awareness and a build mutual understanding on the spatial planning processes, sensitize the community to spatial planning products, and improve community/public participation in the spatial planning process. This combination of training and consensus building has been demonstrated to be successful in past work (such as MCA-Indonesia Participatory Mapping and Planning projects).

Recognising the need for flexibility to meet adjusting targets and to adapt to newly evolving opportunities, the project has adopted several mechanisms and practices to rapidly capture knowledge, experience and adjust to new policy and spatial planning paradigms. A Technical Advisory Facility is established to provide short-term, quick turnaround review and inputs of technical material, whilst a Project Steering Committee provides overarching guidance and checks. A Flexible Fund will be established following inception, drawing form LEI’s extensive experience establishing, managing and monitoring such facilities for a range of donors, with clear operational guidelines established around risk analysis and mitigation measures to ensure Value for Money and effective monitoring, evaluation and learning such that all projects contribute to project objectives and long term sustainability. Clear opportunities presented by the Flexible Fund include addressing clear needs identified in the capacity needs assessments, including integration of adat land mapping and conflict resolution, training activities and flow on Training of Trainers to support district level government staff.

A clear value-add for the project is drawing together a network of UKCCU and related spatial planning-related donor and NGO activities in Papua and West Papua, facilitating a central repository for spatial data and lessons learned that can be translated into on-the-ground action to realise sustainable low carbon development.

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